In order to establish prognostic predictors for oral SCC, several studies have been performed. The purpose of our study was to attempt to discover a simple and cost-effective indicator for oral SCC. Based on the findings of this study, we concluded that WBC count is not a prognostic factor for recurrence of metastases. White blood cell count is highly variable because it is responsive to diverse acute and chronic stimuli. It is elevated by infection, by stress, and by chronic irritative exposures like smoking . But due to its nonspecificity, WBC count can predict risk for multiple diseases besides cancer, coronary heart disease , or stroke .
For other cancers outside the head and neck, several studies have been performed. Grimm et al. (1985)  reported that the WBC count was significantly associated with risk of cancer death. And Erlinger et al. (2004)  were able to associate WBC count with total cancer mortality. Shankar et al. (2006)  also found an association between high WBC count and cancer mortality.
The evidence seems to be increasing that cellular proliferation in an environment rich in inflammatory cells, growth factors, and activated stroma is associated with the DNA damage that can potentiate the growth of cancer cells . Non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs may significantly reduce the risk of developing cancer, in particular that of the gastrointestinal tract . Though no WBC count studies have been performed for oral cancer, several studies have been done for CRP: Gallo et al. (1995) . demonstrated the significance of CRP and IL-6 with regard to tumor stage in 18 patients; Jablonska et al. (1997)  studied the CRP level, as well as IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α serum levels related to clinical stages of the disease in 42 patients; and recently Khandavilli et al. (2009)  found in a study of 60 patients that the CRP level is associated with worse overall outcome. The only correlation that could be found in the present analysis was for T status and WBC, and that seems to have no clinical relevance.
In 2009, Ki et al.  reported a significant correlation between the presence of acute mucositis and the CRP level in 40 patients during radiotherapy for primary laryngo-pharyngeal cancer. Therefore, it would be of interest--not only in mucositis patients, but also in precancerous lesions that are associated with inflammation, like erosive lichen--to investigate the relation between inflammatory markers like CRP and WBC counts.
Several limitations to this analysis must be considered. First, a WBC count analysis was performed only once; multiple measurements would have increased the precision of the results. Although WBC count is variable from day to day, a single measurement has been shown to predict risk of death for specific diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular disease . Second, data on potentially confounding factors, such as medicinal use of aspirin or other NSAID, were unavailable.
Despite the potential limitations, the current study has several important strengths. First, this is the first study, to the authors' knowledge, dealing with the association of WBC count and oral cancer. Second, a relatively long follow-up time with a mean of 35.97 months was analyzed. And third, special attention was paid to second tumors and distant metastasis in addition to local recurrence and local metastases.