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In vivo monitoring of Foscan-mediated photodynamic therapy in clinical head and neck procedures using optical spectroscopy

Photodynamic therapy with m-THPC (Foscan) is as established treatment for superficial squamous cell carcinoma and is also being considered for treatment of larger head and neck tumors. Recently, clinical implementation of Foscan-mediated PDT in the head and neck has not been optimal; a subset of patients has experienced incomplete response. It is well-understood that sufficient quantities of light, drug and oxygen must be present in the targeted tissue in order to deliver sufficient damage. This requirement is complicated by variations in the tissue optical properties and in the photosensitizer uptake rates; however, most clinical protocols do not measure the affect of these factors on the PDT dose delivered to individual patients.

This study represents a first step toward incorporating optical techniques developed to monitor PDT treatments in pre-clinical models into the clinical treatment of head and neck cancer. This clinical study incorporates reflectance and fluorescence spectroscopic measurements are into the PDT-treatment protocol. Spectral analysis allows the extraction of Foscan concentrations and the quantitative determination of tissue physiological parameters that are important to the PDT-delivered dose (e.g. blood volume and hemoglobin saturation). The study identifies the practical and technical challenges of translating these techniques into the clinical setting. Moreover, the data presented here contribute to understanding the link between these optical measurements and the PDT-dose delivered to individual patients during treatment.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Kanick, S., Karakullukcu, B., van Veen, R. et al. In vivo monitoring of Foscan-mediated photodynamic therapy in clinical head and neck procedures using optical spectroscopy. Head Neck Oncol 2 (Suppl 1), O16 (2010).

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