Comparison of laser resistant tracheal tubes subjected to CO2 laser beam
© Kalkani et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009
Published: 28 July 2009
This study was designed to compare how robust four different laser resistant endotracheal tubes would be when subjected to CO2 laser beam.
Materials and methods
The laser was directed perpendicularly onto the shaft; 'saline-filled cuffs and tips of the tubes. A gas flow of 6 L/min of oxygen was delivered to each tube. The laser was set on continuous mode with power set at 6, 12, and 25 W. The time until tube penetration under microscopic vision was noted. Four different products were studied, all marketed as laser resistant:
1. Xomed laser-shield@ II endotracheal tube: aluminium wrapped shaft with an unprotected fluroplastic cuff and tip.
2. Sheridan laser-trach@ tracheal tube: copper wrapped shaft with an unprotected red rubber cuff and tip.
3. Mallinckrodt laser-flexTM tracheal tube: stainless steel shaft with an unprotected plastic cuff and tip.
4. Norton tube: entirely metal with no cuff.
The Norton tube was the only entirely laser resistant tube, surviving greater than 5 minutes lasering at 25 Watts. The shafts of the other three tubes were also laser resistant. However the unprotected cuffs and tips of these three tubes were all penetrated within two seconds, even at minimum power, frequently exhibiting flaring.
Airway fires are possible with laser resistant tubes. The risk of a fire increases with increasing power and duration of the laser beam on the tube. This study demonstrates the ease of penetration of the unshielded components of these laser tubes.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.